Federal Indian Law and Policy
Other federal statutes affecting criminal jurisdiction
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Besides P.L. 280, there are several other federal statutes which affect criminal jurisdiction in Indian country.
- The Major Crimes Act (18 U.S.C. § 1153) creates federal court jurisdiction for certain offenses committed by Indians in Indian country.
- The Indian Country Crimes Act (18 U.S.C. § 1152), sometimes called the General Crimes Act, creates federal court jurisdiction for certain types of offenses committed by Indians against non-Indian victims, and for all offenses committed by non-Indians against Indian victims.
- The Indian Civil Rights Act (25 U.S.C. § 1302(7)) contains a provision which limits the penalty which tribal courts can impose in criminal cases to one year imprisonment or a $5,000 fine, or both, for any single offense.