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Working Effectively with Tribal Governments

Federal Indian Law and Policy

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Where jurisdiction has been conferred by Public Law 280, 18 U.S.C. 1162


Offender

Victim

Jurisdiction

Non-Indian Non-Indian State jurisdiction is exclusive of federal and tribal jurisdiction.
Non-Indian Indian "Mandatory" P.L. 280 state has jurisdiction exclusive of federal and tribal jurisdiction. "Optional" P.L. 280 state and the federal government have concurrent jurisdiction. There is no tribal jurisdiction.
Indian Non-Indian "Mandatory" P.L. 280 state has jurisdiction exclusive of the federal government, but not of the tribe. "Optional" P.L. 280 state has concurrent jurisdiction with federal and tribal courts.
Indian Indian "Mandatory" P.L. 280 state has jurisdiction over the federal government, but not of the tribe. "Optional" P.L. 280 state has concurrent jurisdiction with federal and tribal courts.



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