Federal Indian Law and Policy
Tribal and State Relations
Relations between tribes and states are often complex – and made even more so by Public Law 280, which was discussed earlier in this module. One reason is that Congress and the federal courts have not fully addressed many key questions about tribal and state jurisdictional authority.
As a result of differing legal views about their respective jurisdictional authority, tribes and states at times compete aggressively for such authority; however, there are often many points of agreement, and cooperative partnerships between tribes and states are commonplace.
Usually, these agreements between tribes and states have focused on information exchanges and trans-boundary coordination, much like agreements commonly reached between states. An example is cross-deputization agreements between tribal, local and state law enforcement agencies.