Introduction to Tribal Concepts
Summary of Executive Order 13175
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Executive Order 13175, "Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments," became effective in January 2001.
The order designed to establish regular and meaningful consultation and collaboration with tribal officials:
- In the development of federal policies that have tribal implications.
- To strengthen the government-to-government relationships with Indian tribes.
- To reduce the imposition of unfunded mandates upon Indian tribes.
Among other things, the Order requires federal agencies to have an accountable process to ensure meaningful and timely input by tribal officials in the development of regulatory policies with tribal implications:
- Those regulations that have substantial direct effects on one or more Indian tribes.
- On the relationship between the federal government and Indian tribes.
- On the distribution of power and responsibilities between the federal government and Indian tribes.
The Order generally calls for consultation with tribal officials where such regulations either impose substantial direct compliance costs on Indian tribal governments or preempt tribal law. It also includes additional requirements and considerations that apply to rule making and other agency actions.